SYRIA, THE PALESTINIANS, AND THEIR LEBANESE ALLIES: TERRORISM AND WAR CRIMES
Report prepared by
Dr. Jihad Albani, spokesman of the Guardians of The Cedars in France.
January 24, 2000
Lebanon, a country bruised by an endless war is currently annexed by Syria. This annexation was agreed to by the United States of America in order to prod Syria to sign a peace treaty with Israel.
On October 13, 1990, Syria invaded the last free Christian regions of Lebanon in order to install its peace.
Lebanon is under Syrian protection in a similar manner to France under Nazi occupation.
The West initiated a war of destruction against Iraq following the latter's occupation of Kuwait; however, Kuwait has oil and Lebanon doesn't.
Despite all international reports about Syrian terrorism in Lebanon, Syria, and the world, Hafez el Assad and his cronies are respected and honored.
This document relates true facts about the war crimes committed in Lebanon by the Syrians, the Palestinians, and some of their Lebanese friends.
Lebanon was attacked by the Palestinians under Yasser Arafat's leadership and also by the Syrians under Hafez el Assad. The so called civilized world may offer these two war criminals the titles they wish for, in the eyes of the Lebanese they will remain war criminals and no less than war criminals. The tacit reaction of these so called civilized countries over the crimes committed by Assad and Arafat in Lebanon is the silence of accomplices. Even when western citizens were killed in Lebanon and elsewhere by Syrians or their friends, western governments offered muted responses and demonstrated their indifference and cowardice.
This document refers solely to facts. It is interested only in war crimes committed primarily against the Lebanese People, and/or against Lebanese patrimony, because the war's objective was the extermination of the Lebanese People and the Lebanese nation.
This document was published publicly five years ago. It was submitted to the political leadership of a number of powerful states and primarily to the United States of America.
The present version is an updated form of the old version. We can affirm that everything outlined in this document is the truth. We have not included everything. But the information published in the present document is adequate to arrest the people cited in it and to bring them before a tribunal for crimes perpetrated against humanity and against the Lebanese nation.
- The prisoner is stripped naked.
- His whole body is shaved.
- Cigarette butts are extinguished over the more sensitive places of his body
- They burn his scalp.
- They pull out his nails.
- They tie his genitals with a nylon thread that they secure to a nail on the wall after transfixing the prisoner to a ring fixed on the opposite wall. Then, one of the tormentors strikes the taut nylon thread repeatedly with a stick.
- They flog the soles of a prisoner's feet with lashes of a whip, a cane, or a plastic pipe, a minimum of two hundred lashes a time.
- Then, stretch out the prisoner inside a container of cold water.
- They invert the prisoner into a car's tires rim and then strike him all over (the process: they insert a leg into the middle of the tire, followed by the head and the arms in such a manner that the prisoner is bent over and immobilized in the form of a U inside the tire's circle).
- They hang the prisoner by his feet with his head down.
- They force the prisoner to remain standing during several days while preventing him from sitting down or falling asleep by ordering him to raise his arms fully stretched and very straight.
- They force the prisoner to stand for long periods of time on one foot, administering blows each time he lowers his raised foot.
- They force the prisoners to run while carrying heavy loads and sustaining blows until utterly exhausted or in a faint.
- Pour all of a sudden boiling water over the prisoners.
- They force the prisoner to sit on a stake.
- They force the prisoner to sit on the neck of a bottle.
- They subject the prisoner to electric shock by using an alternative electric current and tying the wires to the more sensitive parts of the body, especially to the genitals.
- They force pump water or air into the prisoner.
- They force sexual intercourse with the prisoner.
- They tear out chunks of the prisoner's flesh from various parts of his body with the help of pliers.
- They rope the prisoner to a car and drive it full speed until death occurs or till the victims' bodies are torn apart and then the victims bodies are desecrated by gouging an eye or cutting an ear, the tongue, the fingers and in some cases the genitals, and by sticking them into the victim's mouth.
- They force the prisoner to run around a large room surrounded by torturers who strike him with diverse instruments of torture.
- Force the prisoner to drink his own urine.
- They throw the prisoner into a basin of electrified water.
- They tie the prisoner's genitals to prevent him from urinating after forcing him to drink diuretic liquids.
We are beginning the 26th year of war. The Syrian occupation of Lebanon is growing more
oppressive and ever more present. The Iranian occupation is expanding and assuming bigger
dimensions with the presence in Lebanon of two Shi'ite militias (Amal and Hezbollah)
reporting exclusively to Iran directly and also though Irans client Syria.. The
Alawite implantation in the north of Lebanon is accelerating and the Palestinians are
always present on the Lebanese soil.
All these phenomena can only lead to an implantation of the Palestinians in Lebanon, to the creation of an Alawite state on the Lebanese-Syrian coast, to a Shi'ite state in the Bekaa and in one part of southern Lebanon, and to a Druze state in the Chouf and southern-Metn, effectively dismembering Lebanese..
This dismemberment is further facilitated today by the intention of some Lebanese political leaders to change the Constitution so that the President of the Republic will be a Moslem, preferably a Sunny. This project had been proposed by Rafic Hariri and is taken up again, now, by Sélim Hoss. However, since Lebanon's secularism has not been admitted as yet by the 21 religious communities that constitute Lebanon, and in the presence of foreign troupes on Lebanese soil, any project of introducing changes in the constitution can only accelerate the dismemberment of Lebanon and/or its annexation by Syria.
Additionally, the Lebanese state is headed by traitors appointed by Damascus and who receive their orders directly from Damascus. As a consequence, the Lebanese administration is incapable of taking serious steps that will enable it to liberate Lebanon or even to attain a respectable economic level.
Why inflation? a high rate of unemployment? Short-term contracts? and the many layoffs? Serious investments in Lebanon are very "timid" for the simple reason that this is an occupied country. Syria steals the country's resources and imposes its law via a government that is at its mercy. And under occupation, one cannot construct a country.
The Lebanese authorities suffer from a congenital weakness.
On the regional level, there is an international willingness to impose a peace rather than to set up a real one. The present configuration no longer meets the urgent needs of the people of the region:
The Arabs or Persians,
The Christians and the Moslems,
The West or the East.
Nobody finds any satisfaction there: Because, while the Sykes-Picot treaty establishes the geographic limits of the present map, the Yalta pact establishes the political limits. But this was prior to the creation of the State of Israel and the emergence of the petrol phenomenon, the explosion of the Soviet Union and the appearance of sovereign states in the ancient countries of East Europe.
In other words, the setting up of a new map in the dimension of ethnic-religious minorities and of the petrol strata.
Where, in this general context, does one situate a motherland, a state and a cause?
We see, first of all, an abdication of responsibilities.
The abdication of responsibility has always been justified officially by the communities' diversity. But this is a false problem as the State lacks political courage and political initiative. The State bends before the Syrians and the Iranians just as it bent in 1975 before the Palestinians. Nothing, however, justifies this withdrawal from legitimate governmental responsibility:
The ensemble of these contradictions led to an erroneous understanding of the concepts of "unification" and "liberation".
By "unification" we understand an agreement among Lebanese about the political, economic and social regime, with an aim to ensure Lebanon's superior interests and territorial integrity. This unification must be the objective of an internal conviction, limited solely to Lebanon. It should not be considered provisional tactics awaiting the establishment of enlarged, regional units. This unification is intended to liberate Lebanon from its alienations: external hegemonies, the Palestinian problem. It should prevent the use of Lebanon as a tool for exchanges, a card for compromises, in the quest of a solution for the Middle East problems.
Our martyrs are dead and go on dying so that the whole of Lebanon, its 10452 square kms are free, and not in order to decompose Lebanon or turn it into a Syrian province. The cowardice of the Lebanese leaders in the face of the Syrian-Palestinian-Iranian occupation can only lead to the partition of Lebanon or to its disappearance.
What do we expect from the new regime? What type of security and of liberty do we look for? Is that the security that Moslem regimes accord to the Christians of the Arab world? Or the one which the Communist Soviet Union accorded its Soviet citizens? Is it the lliberty granted by the Syrian in the Lebanese areas they occupy?
We refuse this kind of liberty and this kind of security. True security, according to our understanding, is the one that protects the security of the Constitution, of the legislation. Authority should not transform itself into oppression, and liberty should not be transformed into anarchy. Hence, then, the question if the present Lebanese State would be able to secure these changes. The answer is negative, and this for numerous reasons:
The failure of the government does not surprise us at all, because of the mentality which prevails among the governing team or its in-adaptation to events' consequences.
By what can we replace this failing authority?
By an efficacious authority which incarnates its people's ambitions, its historical dimensions and its hopes with regard to its future.
Where does a State find its strength?
The strength of a State is its Army. Where is the State's army?
The strength of a State's Army resides in its cause. Where is the Army's cause?
The problem of the Lebanese Army is that instead of fighting for the motherland's
cause, it gets entangled in the causes of its commanders. It is a shame that officers and
soldiers of the Lebanese Army are afflicted with a commandment which forbids them to
implement their military oath concerning the preservation of their country's independence,
sovereignty, and liberty. The Army's commanders dream of palaces, not about trenches. It
is shameful, for the Army's commandment, to admit they have 35,000 soldiers, while they
fail to liberate even 25 meters of territories under Syrian occupation.
The Lebanese soldiers and officers enlisted in the Army to become heroes. Their commanders have turned them into functionaries.
It is clear today, and evident, that the present regime is incapable of incarnating the national will.
It is therefore important today that Lebanon undergoes a political act of conscience, an action, with the aim of establishing a new regime.
The Lebanese regime installed in 1943 neither benefited the religious community nor acted to the others detriment. It benefited a class composed at once of Christians and Moslems, who exploited at once all the Lebanese citizens, Christians and Moslems, without any distinction.
It is imperative that the post-war Lebanese State becomes the political instrument of a true democracy.
On April 13, 1975, the Lebanese citizen had no institutions he could have recourse to. The Christian found himself without an army, though he had demonstrated in the streets of Beirut and had died for her. The Moslem found himself at the mercy of the Palestinians and the Syrians, having acted in their favor. The experience of the Lebanese formula of coexistence was not conclusive. This formula had failed, more than once, and in many domains in times of peace, in times of war, as in periods of floating.
This old Lebanese formula failed not only on the lines of demarcation separating the two Beiruts, but also on the regional level. Because, when a Copt is persecuted in Egypt, a Shi'ite in Iraq, a Sunnite in Iran, the Christians in Syria, this is also a failure of the Lebanese formula. We gave this formula many opportunities, varied and prolonged. We gave it blood and martyrs. We accorded it concessions so that she might find its viability. She didn't succeed. Enough experiences of this sort.
The bodies of the Lebanese are not fields for formula experimentations. The West must understand that Lebanon is not its way of access to petroleum resources. The Middle East must also understand that Lebanon is not its beachhead leading to a civilization of leisure and luxury. The Vatican, too, must understand that the Christians of Lebanon are not an experimental material for an Islamic-Christian dialogue in the world. The "Lebanon-Bridge" must come to an end. The "Lebanon-courtier" must also end, as should the Lebanon of weakness, because our acceptance of "Lebanon-sacrifice" has turned the Lebanese into sacrificial victims.
We want, today, a stable Lebanese territory. A strong state, a distinctive nation whose aerial, maritime, and terrestrial space won't be violated by any soldier, airplane or navy.
The concept of Lebanon has changed following the sacrifice of our martyrs.
Prior to them, the Lebanese Cause resided in the way the West could exist in the Orient. Today, it resides in the possibility of life for the oriental Christians and for the Lebanese in Lebanon itself and in the Orient.
At present, an artificial solution has been imposed on the Lebanese. This solution consists in letting Syria go on occupying Lebanon. But the Lebanese-Syrian war is far from over. We would remind Westerners that 50 years of communist dictates in Eastern European countries never choked these peoples' legitimate national aspirations.
From 1975 to 1984, the 750,000 inhabitants of East-Beirut and its vicinity (some 200 square kms) have contended with 67 kilos of explosives per person, namely 50 million kilos for the entire targeted region. A comparison with the Second World War: each German contended, between 1939 and 1945, with 5 kilos of explosives. In any case, while Germany paid for Hitler's paranoia, Lebanon, on its part, has never committed aggression against any one. Damascus feeds its imperial ambitions and has always dreamt of becoming a "Great Syria" in which Lebanon would be no more than one of the docile provinces. And yet, this means nothing: The annexationist dream is turning into reality under the silent complicity of nations considered civilized. Later, these same nations will say: "We didn't see anything, we didn't hear anything, thank you little Jesus".
Is it because the Lebanese do not have oil resources and because in Lebanon there are Christians who wear a cross around their neck that they must be sacrificed on the great altar of Realpolitik?
The Western hostages were exploited by the Syrians as a means of blackmail. International terrorism is still exported from Lebanon under their aegis: Abou Nidal, Ahmed Jibril, Amal and Hezbollah; the drug traffic, the growing of poppies and other illicit traffics are all under the Syrians' patronage. The poppies are cultivated in the Bekaa valley, heroine is refined in the laboratories they control and is exported through the seaports they rule and the Beirut airport they control.
There were western hostages in Lebanon solely because the Syrians wanted it. Many hostages were kidnapped 50 or 100 meters from the Syrian barracks, "fled" their kidnappers and came upon the Syrians after a 5 minute walk, or were liberated by the Syrians following some James Bond scene.
Assad owes his conquest of Lebanon to his patience, to the State terrorism he has every leisure to practice, and to international hypocrisy. President Hafez el Assad and his brother Rifaat have, in order to stay in power, constructed a system whose motor functions on violence. Deprived of this fuel, the system stops.
The Syrian leaders and the entire regime live in a state of permanent siege. The dictator had a palace-fortress built for him on the summit of Damascus, when he will be able to shell the city, even if it in its entirety rebels against him.
Syria has no tribunals, only prisons and tombs.
We cannot forget as well the Palestinian terrorism in Lebanon, and we refuse to accept this curious logic which states that the Palestinians must be excused for destroying Lebanon under the pretext that their "own country" was "taken" by the Israelis.
The plot of the nations who believe that by sacrificing the integrity of Lebanon they will be able to solve the problems of the region according to their own interests, this plot seems to have reached even those capitals regarded as incarnating the defense of the free world's values.
It cannot be accepted that the peace in the Middle East will be done with Assad and, who knows, maybe Hitler's heir will receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Hasn't a war criminal like Arafat received this same prize?
Peace must be achieved, but without Assad and without all those war criminals who surround him and who are preparing themselves as his successors. They must be arrested and judged for their crimes against humanity.
Three hundred thousand Lebanese dead because of Syria, twenty five thousand Lebanese handicapped because of Syria, half a million Lebanese in exile because of Syria. Was it necessary for Assad to use gas chambers so that his crimes against Lebanon might be called "war crimes"?
To those who tell us that the Syrians are in Lebanon in order to maintain peace between the Lebanese, we will answer that the Nazis were in France in order to maintain peace among the French.
To those who tell us that fighting the Syrians is extremism, we will answer that the French Resistance against the Nazis was no more than a farce.
To those who tell us that agreeing to work with the Syrians is moderation and sound common sense, we will answer that Maréchal Pétain of 1943 and all the collaborators were national heroes and not traitors.
To those who tell us that peace in Lebanon will be achieved by forgetting the past, we will answer that judging the Nazis and their French collaborators was a historical error.
To those who tell us that the Palestinians must be allowed to stay in Lebanon until a solution is found for them, we will answer "Since you love them so, why don't you take them to your home?"
The Lebanese Resistance believes firmly that only justice and the law will win. It believes in stability and in peace for the region of the Middle East. But it must be clear that this peace must be achieved without Hafez el Assad and without all the war criminals who surround him.